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What is Female Genital Mutilation? (FGM)


FGM is usually carried out between birth and puberty and practiced in various forms in over 40 African countries, Oman, Yemen, the United Arab Emirates, parts of Iraq and other Kurdish groups  and by some groups in Malaysia, Indonesia. However, FGM can be carried out anywhere and professionals need to be alert to the practice.

There is a strong belief that FGM is also carried out illegally in the UK and other European countries.   Ethnic groups who practice FGM have migrated to Britain, mainly as refugees.  The main groups are from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan  and the Yemen, however FGM can affect many other groups. Estimates show that 130 to 140 million women in the world have undergone some form of genital mutilation (WHO 2008).

More information on FGM can be found here Female-genital-mutilation.pdf

Living with FGM Living-with-FGM.pdf

CRASAC is one of the organisations who have won  funding for victims through the Police and Crime Commissioners office and the Ministry of Justice. This  funding is to set up training for organisations around FGM,  safeguarding and new government requirements for organisations around FGM.

For more information, please contact  Jennifer Bourne  on crasac.jenniferbourne@gmail.com


All information on this page contributed by:

Jennifer Bourne,

RN, Queens Nurse,

ISVA, Counsellor, FGM Specialist

Email: jenniferbourne@fgmeducation.co.uk for confidential advice.

About the Author



E: esorensen@cornwall.gov.uk

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